Labour Market

Labour Market headlines

Unemployment rate (young people)

13%Young people aged 16-24, unemployed as at Jan-Mar 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Economic inactivity rate (young people)

42%Young people aged 16-24, economically inactive as at Jan-Mar 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Unemployment rate (all working age)

4.4%People aged 16-64, unemployed as at Jan-Mar 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Economic inactivity rate (all working age)

22.1%People aged 16-64, economically inactive as at Jan-Mar 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

ONS have recently paused the regular publication of the Labour Force Survey that we use to update these visualisations as a result of increased uncertainty in the statistics. See the Nomis news article for more information.

About the data on this page

These visualisations are driven by data from the ONS Labour Force Survey, published by the Office for National Statistics.

This data is derived from the Labour Market Statistics time series dataset.

The Office for National Statistics has paused the regular publication of this data, therefore the most recent release of this publication covers up until the 1st June 2023. The data on this page will update once the ONS resumes publication of the Labour Force Survey.

Long-term unemployment for young people (seasonally adjusted)

The long-term unemployment rate for 16-24 year-olds, showing the proportion of unemployed people who have been unemployed for between six and 12 months, and the proportion who have been unemployed for more than 12 months.

Last 3 years

Long-term unemployment rate for young people (16-24) over the last 3 years

6 to 12 months
12 months
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)01015202530355Apr-Jun 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.4%Jul-Sep 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Oct-Dec 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 10.6%Jan-Mar 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 8.1%Apr-Jun 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 8.4%Jul-Sep 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.5%Oct-Dec 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.4%Jan-Mar 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.2%Apr-Jun 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.8%Jul-Sep 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.2%Oct-Dec 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.1%Jan-Mar 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.2%Apr-Jun 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 17.9%Jul-Sep 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 16.8%Oct-Dec 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 19.1%Jan-Mar 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 13.2%Jul-Sep 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 14.7%Oct-Dec 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 12.6%Jan-Mar 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%Apr-Jun 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 11.6%Jul-Sep 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.3%Oct-Dec 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 16.9%Jan-Mar 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 17.3%
Since 2000

Long-term unemployment rate for young people (16-24) since 2000

6 to 12 months
12 months
Rolling 3-month periodJan-Mar2004Jan-Mar2009Jan-Mar2014Jan-Mar2019Jan-Mar2024Rate (%)010152025305Jan-Mar 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.3%Apr-Jun 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.9%Jul-Sep 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.9%Oct-Dec 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.8%Jan-Mar 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.4%Apr-Jun 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.1%Jul-Sep 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.8%Oct-Dec 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.9%Jan-Mar 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.1%Apr-Jun 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.2%Jul-Sep 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.0%Oct-Dec 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.0%Jan-Mar 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.2%Apr-Jun 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.8%Jul-Sep 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.3%Oct-Dec 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.7%Jan-Mar 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.6%Apr-Jun 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.1%Jul-Sep 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.3%Oct-Dec 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.7%Jan-Mar 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.2%Apr-Jun 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.3%Jul-Sep 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Oct-Dec 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Jan-Mar 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Apr-Jun 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Jul-Sep 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Oct-Dec 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.5%Jan-Mar 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Apr-Jun 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.0%Jul-Sep 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.4%Oct-Dec 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.3%Jan-Mar 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.5%Apr-Jun 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Jul-Sep 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.6%Oct-Dec 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Jan-Mar 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.9%Apr-Jun 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.0%Jul-Sep 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.9%Oct-Dec 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.8%Jan-Mar 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 21.8%Apr-Jun 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.1%Jul-Sep 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.3%Oct-Dec 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.3%Jan-Mar 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.6%Apr-Jun 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.5%Jul-Sep 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.8%Oct-Dec 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.5%Jan-Mar 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 21.1%Apr-Jun 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 21.2%Jul-Sep 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.8%Oct-Dec 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Jan-Mar 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.5%Apr-Jun 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Jul-Sep 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.9%Oct-Dec 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.9%Jan-Mar 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.1%Jul-Sep 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.8%Oct-Dec 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.6%Jan-Mar 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.5%Apr-Jun 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.2%Jul-Sep 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.6%Oct-Dec 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Jan-Mar 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.9%Apr-Jun 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.1%Jul-Sep 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.3%Oct-Dec 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.6%Jan-Mar 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.0%Apr-Jun 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.4%Jul-Sep 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.8%Oct-Dec 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.1%Jan-Mar 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.7%Apr-Jun 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.2%Jul-Sep 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.4%Oct-Dec 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.1%Jan-Mar 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.2%Apr-Jun 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Jul-Sep 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.7%Oct-Dec 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.0%Jan-Mar 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.5%Apr-Jun 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.1%Jul-Sep 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.3%Oct-Dec 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.0%Jan-Mar 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.0%Apr-Jun 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.4%Jul-Sep 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Oct-Dec 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 10.6%Jan-Mar 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 8.1%Apr-Jun 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 8.4%Jul-Sep 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.5%Oct-Dec 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.4%Jan-Mar 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.2%Apr-Jun 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.8%Jul-Sep 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.2%Oct-Dec 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.1%Jan-Mar 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.2%Jan-Mar 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 11.2%Apr-Jun 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Jul-Sep 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 13.6%Oct-Dec 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 11.1%Jan-Mar 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 12.1%Apr-Jun 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 12.1%Jul-Sep 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 12.4%Oct-Dec 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 11.4%Jan-Mar 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 10.0%Apr-Jun 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 9.8%Jul-Sep 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 10.9%Oct-Dec 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 9.8%Jan-Mar 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 10.8%Apr-Jun 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 11.3%Jul-Sep 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 11.6%Oct-Dec 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 11.4%Jan-Mar 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 11.9%Apr-Jun 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 10.7%Jul-Sep 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 11.2%Oct-Dec 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 10.4%Jan-Mar 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 11.8%Apr-Jun 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 13.0%Jul-Sep 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 12.3%Oct-Dec 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 13.0%Jan-Mar 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 12.9%Apr-Jun 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 13.5%Jul-Sep 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 14.6%Oct-Dec 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 13.0%Jan-Mar 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 14.5%Apr-Jun 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 14.8%Jul-Sep 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 15.7%Oct-Dec 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 16.6%Jan-Mar 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 16.0%Apr-Jun 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 16.3%Jul-Sep 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 15.9%Oct-Dec 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 14.9%Jan-Mar 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 16.0%Apr-Jun 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 17.7%Jul-Sep 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 20.8%Oct-Dec 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 20.6%Jan-Mar 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 22.7%Apr-Jun 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 22.2%Jul-Sep 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 24.0%Oct-Dec 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 24.5%Jan-Mar 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 23.9%Apr-Jun 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 23.8%Jul-Sep 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 25.1%Oct-Dec 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 23.6%Jan-Mar 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 25.7%Apr-Jun 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 26.2%Jul-Sep 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 27.7%Oct-Dec 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 28.2%Jan-Mar 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.3%Apr-Jun 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.1%Jul-Sep 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.8%Oct-Dec 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 27.6%Jan-Mar 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 28.4%Apr-Jun 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 26.7%Jul-Sep 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 27.5%Oct-Dec 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 26.5%Jan-Mar 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 23.3%Apr-Jun 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 22.0%Jul-Sep 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 20.1%Oct-Dec 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 19.7%Jan-Mar 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%Apr-Jun 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 15.9%Jul-Sep 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.9%Oct-Dec 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%Jan-Mar 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 15.1%Apr-Jun 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 14.0%Jul-Sep 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 17.2%Oct-Dec 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 14.2%Jan-Mar 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Apr-Jun 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 15.6%Jul-Sep 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 13.5%Oct-Dec 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 15.9%Jan-Mar 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 14.4%Apr-Jun 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 15.1%Jul-Sep 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Oct-Dec 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 11.8%Jan-Mar 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 12.5%Apr-Jun 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 11.0%Jul-Sep 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 16.3%Oct-Dec 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 14.4%Jan-Mar 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 19.3%Apr-Jun 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 17.9%Jul-Sep 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 16.8%Oct-Dec 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 19.1%Jan-Mar 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 13.2%Jul-Sep 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 14.7%Oct-Dec 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 12.6%Jan-Mar 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%Apr-Jun 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 11.6%Jul-Sep 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.3%Oct-Dec 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 16.9%Jan-Mar 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 17.3%

Labour market status (seasonally adjusted)

These visualisations show the labour market status of young people aged 16-24.

Not in full-time education

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)01020304050607080Apr-Jun 2021: 10.5%Jul-Sep 2021: 10.1%Oct-Dec 2021: 9.9%Jan-Mar 2022: 9.2%Apr-Jun 2022: 8.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 9.0%Oct-Dec 2022: 10.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 10.8%Apr-Jun 2023: 11.6%Jul-Sep 2023: 11.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 10.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 11.5%Apr-Jun 2021: 15.1%Jul-Sep 2021: 16.6%Oct-Dec 2021: 17.2%Jan-Mar 2022: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 16.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 17.9%Oct-Dec 2022: 18.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 17.6%Apr-Jun 2023: 17.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 20.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 19.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 20.1%Apr-Jun 2021: 76.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 74.9%Oct-Dec 2021: 74.7%Jan-Mar 2022: 75.8%Apr-Jun 2022: 75.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 74.8%Oct-Dec 2022: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2023: 73.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 73.3%Jul-Sep 2023: 71.3%Oct-Dec 2023: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2024: 70.7%
In full-time education

Labour market status for young people (16-24) in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)01020304050607080Apr-Jun 2021: 20.4%Jul-Sep 2021: 15.8%Oct-Dec 2021: 14.2%Jan-Mar 2022: 14.3%Apr-Jun 2022: 14.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 14.1%Oct-Dec 2022: 13.3%Jan-Mar 2023: 14.0%Apr-Jun 2023: 14.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 14.7%Oct-Dec 2023: 15.2%Jan-Mar 2024: 17.4%Apr-Jun 2021: 68.7%Jul-Sep 2021: 65.9%Oct-Dec 2021: 63.4%Jan-Mar 2022: 65.0%Apr-Jun 2022: 65.6%Jul-Sep 2022: 65.6%Oct-Dec 2022: 63.7%Jan-Mar 2023: 63.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 63.5%Jul-Sep 2023: 65.2%Oct-Dec 2023: 67.0%Jan-Mar 2024: 67.5%Apr-Jun 2021: 24.9%Jul-Sep 2021: 28.7%Oct-Dec 2021: 31.4%Jan-Mar 2022: 30.0%Apr-Jun 2022: 29.3%Jul-Sep 2022: 29.5%Oct-Dec 2022: 31.5%Jan-Mar 2023: 31.4%Apr-Jun 2023: 31.4%Jul-Sep 2023: 29.7%Oct-Dec 2023: 28.0%Jan-Mar 2024: 26.8%
All young people

Labour market status for young people (16-24)

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)01020304050607080Apr-Jun 2021: 13.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 11.7%Oct-Dec 2021: 11.1%Jan-Mar 2022: 10.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 10.4%Jul-Sep 2022: 10.3%Oct-Dec 2022: 11.5%Jan-Mar 2023: 11.6%Apr-Jun 2023: 12.3%Jul-Sep 2023: 12.1%Oct-Dec 2023: 11.6%Jan-Mar 2024: 13.0%Apr-Jun 2021: 40.5%Jul-Sep 2021: 40.0%Oct-Dec 2021: 39.0%Jan-Mar 2022: 39.2%Apr-Jun 2022: 39.4%Jul-Sep 2022: 40.1%Oct-Dec 2022: 39.4%Jan-Mar 2023: 38.3%Apr-Jun 2023: 38.8%Jul-Sep 2023: 41.6%Oct-Dec 2023: 41.5%Jan-Mar 2024: 42.0%Apr-Jun 2021: 51.8%Jul-Sep 2021: 53.0%Oct-Dec 2021: 54.3%Jan-Mar 2022: 54.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 54.3%Jul-Sep 2022: 53.7%Oct-Dec 2022: 53.6%Jan-Mar 2023: 54.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 53.7%Jul-Sep 2023: 51.3%Oct-Dec 2023: 51.7%Jan-Mar 2024: 50.4%

The following charts compare labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 16-17 and the group aged 18-24.

16-17

Labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 16 to 17

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 31.2%Jul-Sep 2021: 19.7%Oct-Dec 2021: 25.4%Jan-Mar 2022: 29.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 23.6%Jul-Sep 2022: 22.6%Oct-Dec 2022: 30.7%Jan-Mar 2023: 18.2%Apr-Jun 2023: 21.2%Jul-Sep 2023: 15.7%Oct-Dec 2023: 15.7%Jan-Mar 2024: 27.9%Apr-Jun 2021: 49.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 47.7%Oct-Dec 2021: 51.9%Jan-Mar 2022: 48.5%Apr-Jun 2022: 41.0%Jul-Sep 2022: 50.8%Oct-Dec 2022: 55.0%Jan-Mar 2023: 48.7%Apr-Jun 2023: 47.7%Jul-Sep 2023: 53.1%Oct-Dec 2023: 49.5%Jan-Mar 2024: 49.3%Apr-Jun 2021: 35.1%Jul-Sep 2021: 42.0%Oct-Dec 2021: 35.9%Jan-Mar 2022: 36.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 45.1%Jul-Sep 2022: 38.1%Oct-Dec 2022: 31.2%Jan-Mar 2023: 42.0%Apr-Jun 2023: 41.2%Jul-Sep 2023: 39.6%Oct-Dec 2023: 42.5%Jan-Mar 2024: 36.5%
18-24

Labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 18 to 24

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 10.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 9.9%Oct-Dec 2021: 9.5%Jan-Mar 2022: 8.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 8.3%Jul-Sep 2022: 8.5%Oct-Dec 2022: 10.2%Jan-Mar 2023: 10.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 11.3%Jul-Sep 2023: 10.8%Oct-Dec 2023: 10.0%Jan-Mar 2024: 10.9%Apr-Jun 2021: 13.6%Jul-Sep 2021: 15.4%Oct-Dec 2021: 15.6%Jan-Mar 2022: 15.0%Apr-Jun 2022: 15.7%Jul-Sep 2022: 16.0%Oct-Dec 2022: 16.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 15.8%Apr-Jun 2023: 15.4%Jul-Sep 2023: 18.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 17.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 18.4%Apr-Jun 2021: 77.7%Jul-Sep 2021: 76.3%Oct-Dec 2021: 76.4%Jan-Mar 2022: 77.7%Apr-Jun 2022: 77.3%Jul-Sep 2022: 76.8%Oct-Dec 2022: 74.7%Jan-Mar 2023: 75.3%Apr-Jun 2023: 75.0%Jul-Sep 2023: 73.2%Oct-Dec 2023: 74.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 72.7%
16-24

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 10.5%Jul-Sep 2021: 10.1%Oct-Dec 2021: 9.9%Jan-Mar 2022: 9.2%Apr-Jun 2022: 8.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 9.0%Oct-Dec 2022: 10.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 10.8%Apr-Jun 2023: 11.6%Jul-Sep 2023: 11.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 10.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 11.5%Apr-Jun 2021: 15.1%Jul-Sep 2021: 16.6%Oct-Dec 2021: 17.2%Jan-Mar 2022: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 16.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 17.9%Oct-Dec 2022: 18.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 17.6%Apr-Jun 2023: 17.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 20.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 19.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 20.1%Apr-Jun 2021: 76.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 74.9%Oct-Dec 2021: 74.7%Jan-Mar 2022: 75.8%Apr-Jun 2022: 75.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 74.8%Oct-Dec 2022: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2023: 73.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 73.3%Jul-Sep 2023: 71.3%Oct-Dec 2023: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2024: 70.7%

The following charts compare labour market status for men and women aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education.

Women

Labour market status for women aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 9.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 8.7%Oct-Dec 2021: 8.0%Jan-Mar 2022: 6.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 6.1%Jul-Sep 2022: 7.3%Oct-Dec 2022: 8.7%Jan-Mar 2023: 9.4%Apr-Jun 2023: 8.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 7.3%Oct-Dec 2023: 7.6%Jan-Mar 2024: 8.8%Apr-Jun 2021: 16.6%Jul-Sep 2021: 18.2%Oct-Dec 2021: 17.4%Jan-Mar 2022: 18.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 19.0%Jul-Sep 2022: 18.4%Oct-Dec 2022: 20.7%Jan-Mar 2023: 20.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 21.2%Jul-Sep 2023: 23.6%Oct-Dec 2023: 21.7%Jan-Mar 2024: 21.2%Apr-Jun 2021: 75.9%Jul-Sep 2021: 74.6%Oct-Dec 2021: 76.0%Jan-Mar 2022: 76.2%Apr-Jun 2022: 76.1%Jul-Sep 2022: 75.7%Oct-Dec 2022: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2023: 72.0%Apr-Jun 2023: 72.4%Jul-Sep 2023: 70.8%Oct-Dec 2023: 72.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 71.9%
Men

Labour market status for men aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 11.9%Jul-Sep 2021: 11.3%Oct-Dec 2021: 11.5%Jan-Mar 2022: 11.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 11.2%Jul-Sep 2022: 10.5%Oct-Dec 2022: 12.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 12.0%Apr-Jun 2023: 14.4%Jul-Sep 2023: 14.1%Oct-Dec 2023: 12.5%Jan-Mar 2024: 13.9%Apr-Jun 2021: 13.7%Jul-Sep 2021: 15.2%Oct-Dec 2021: 17.0%Jan-Mar 2022: 14.9%Apr-Jun 2022: 14.9%Jul-Sep 2022: 17.4%Oct-Dec 2022: 17.1%Jan-Mar 2023: 14.9%Apr-Jun 2023: 13.5%Jul-Sep 2023: 16.6%Oct-Dec 2023: 17.1%Jan-Mar 2024: 19.2%Apr-Jun 2021: 76.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 75.2%Oct-Dec 2021: 73.5%Jan-Mar 2022: 75.4%Apr-Jun 2022: 75.6%Jul-Sep 2022: 73.9%Oct-Dec 2022: 72.3%Jan-Mar 2023: 74.9%Apr-Jun 2023: 74.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 71.7%Oct-Dec 2023: 72.5%Jan-Mar 2024: 69.6%
All young people

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

Overall unemployment
Economically inactive
In employment
Rolling 3-month periodJul-Sep2021Jan-Mar2024Jan-Mar2022Jul-Sep2022Jan-Mar2023Jul-Sep2023Rate (%)020406080Apr-Jun 2021: 10.5%Jul-Sep 2021: 10.1%Oct-Dec 2021: 9.9%Jan-Mar 2022: 9.2%Apr-Jun 2022: 8.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 9.0%Oct-Dec 2022: 10.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 10.8%Apr-Jun 2023: 11.6%Jul-Sep 2023: 11.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 10.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 11.5%Apr-Jun 2021: 15.1%Jul-Sep 2021: 16.6%Oct-Dec 2021: 17.2%Jan-Mar 2022: 16.6%Apr-Jun 2022: 16.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 17.9%Oct-Dec 2022: 18.8%Jan-Mar 2023: 17.6%Apr-Jun 2023: 17.1%Jul-Sep 2023: 20.0%Oct-Dec 2023: 19.3%Jan-Mar 2024: 20.1%Apr-Jun 2021: 76.0%Jul-Sep 2021: 74.9%Oct-Dec 2021: 74.7%Jan-Mar 2022: 75.8%Apr-Jun 2022: 75.8%Jul-Sep 2022: 74.8%Oct-Dec 2022: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2023: 73.5%Apr-Jun 2023: 73.3%Jul-Sep 2023: 71.3%Oct-Dec 2023: 72.4%Jan-Mar 2024: 70.7%

Data tables

Long term unemployment

6 to 12 months

Seasonally adjusted long-term unemployment figures (between 6 and 12 months) for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education for the last 3 years. This data is derived from UNEM01 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodPopulation unemployed for between 6 and 12 months (000s)Population unemployed (000s)Proportion of unemployment between 6 and 12 months
Jan-Mar 20249853918.2%
Oct-Dec 20236848214.1%
Jul-Sep 20239649919.2%
Apr-Jun 202310053318.8%
Jan-Mar 20237250714.2%
Oct-Dec 20225649111.4%
Jul-Sep 20225043411.5%
Apr-Jun 2022394638.4%
Jan-Mar 2022384708.1%
Oct-Dec 20215249210.6%
Jul-Sep 20217650615.0%
Apr-Jun 202110255418.4%
over 12 months

Seasonally adjusted long-term unemployment figures (over 12 months) for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education for the last 3 years. This data is derived from UNEM01 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodPopulation unemployed for more than 12 months (000s)Population unemployed (000s)Proportion of unemployment over 12 months
Jan-Mar 20249353917.3%
Oct-Dec 20236448216.9%
Jul-Sep 20235249912.3%
Apr-Jun 20236253311.6%
Jan-Mar 20236250715.0%
Oct-Dec 20226249112.6%
Jul-Sep 20226443414.7%
Apr-Jun 20226146313.2%
Jan-Mar 20227847016.6%
Oct-Dec 20219449219.1%
Jul-Sep 20218550616.8%
Apr-Jun 20219955417.9%

Labour market status

Not in full-time education

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education, over the last 3 years. This data is derived from A06 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202470.7%11.5%20.1%
Oct-Dec 202372.4%10.3%19.3%
Jul-Sep 202371.3%11%20.0%
Apr-Jun 202373.3%11.6%17.1%
Jan-Mar 202373.5%10.8%17.6%
Oct-Dec 202272.4%10.8%18.8%
Jul-Sep 202274.8%9%17.9%
Apr-Jun 202275.8%8.8%16.8%
Jan-Mar 202275.8%9.2%16.6%
Oct-Dec 202174.7%9.9%17.2%
Jul-Sep 202174.9%10.1%16.6%
Apr-Jun 202176.0%10.5%15.1%
In full-time education

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for young people aged 16-24 who are in full-time education, over the last 3 years. This data is derived from A06 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202426.8%17.4%67.5%
Oct-Dec 202328.0%15.2%67.0%
Jul-Sep 202329.7%14.7%65.2%
Apr-Jun 202331.4%14.1%63.5%
Jan-Mar 202331.4%14.0%63.5%
Oct-Dec 202231.5%13.3%63.7%
Jul-Sep 202229.5%14.1%65.6%
Apr-Jun 202229.3%14.8%65.6%
Jan-Mar 202230.0%14.3%65.0%
Oct-Dec 202131.4%14.2%63.4%
Jul-Sep 202128.7%15.8%65.9%
Apr-Jun 202124.9%20.4%68.7%
Women NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for women not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202471.9%8.8%21.2%
Oct-Dec 202372.3%7.6%21.7%
Jul-Sep 202370.8%7.3%23.6%
Apr-Jun 202372.4%8.1%21.2%
Jan-Mar 202372.0%9.4%20.5%
Oct-Dec 202272.4%8.7%20.7%
Jul-Sep 202275.7%7.3%18.4%
Apr-Jun 202276.1%6.1%19.0%
Jan-Mar 202276.2%6.6%18.4%
Oct-Dec 202176.0%8%17.4%
Jul-Sep 202174.6%8.7%18.2%
Apr-Jun 202175.9%9%16.6%
Men NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for men not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202469.6%13.9%19.2%
Oct-Dec 202372.5%12.5%17.1%
Jul-Sep 202371.7%14.1%16.6%
Apr-Jun 202374.1%14.4%13.5%
Jan-Mar 202374.9%12%14.9%
Oct-Dec 202272.3%12.8%17.1%
Jul-Sep 202273.9%10.5%17.4%
Apr-Jun 202275.6%11.2%14.9%
Jan-Mar 202275.4%11.4%14.9%
Oct-Dec 202173.5%11.5%17.0%
Jul-Sep 202175.2%11.3%15.2%
Apr-Jun 202176.0%11.9%13.7%
16-17 year olds NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for 16-17 year olds not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202436.5%27.9%49.3%
Oct-Dec 202342.5%15.7%49.5%
Jul-Sep 202339.6%15.7%53.1%
Apr-Jun 202341.2%21.2%47.7%
Jan-Mar 202342.0%18.2%48.7%
Oct-Dec 202231.2%30.7%55.0%
Jul-Sep 202238.1%22.6%50.8%
Apr-Jun 202245.1%23.6%41.0%
Jan-Mar 202236.4%29.4%48.5%
Oct-Dec 202135.9%25.4%51.9%
Jul-Sep 202142.0%19.7%47.7%
Apr-Jun 202135.1%31.2%49.0%
18-24 year olds NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for 18-24 year olds not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
Jan-Mar 202472.7%10.9%18.4%
Oct-Dec 202374.3%10%17.3%
Jul-Sep 202373.2%10.8%18.0%
Apr-Jun 202375.0%11.3%15.4%
Jan-Mar 202375.3%10.5%15.8%
Oct-Dec 202274.7%10.2%16.8%
Jul-Sep 202276.8%8.5%16.0%
Apr-Jun 202277.3%8.3%15.7%
Jan-Mar 202277.7%8.6%15.0%
Oct-Dec 202176.4%9.5%15.6%
Jul-Sep 202176.3%9.9%15.4%
Apr-Jun 202177.7%10%13.6%