Labour Market

Labour Market headlines

Unemployment rate (young people)

13.6%Young people aged 16-24, unemployed as at Feb-Apr 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Economic inactivity rate (young people)

41.5%Young people aged 16-24, economically inactive as at Feb-Apr 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Unemployment rate (all working age)

4.4%People aged 16-64, unemployed as at Feb-Apr 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

Economic inactivity rate (all working age)

22.3%People aged 16-64, economically inactive as at Feb-Apr 2024 (seasonally adjusted)

About the data on this page

These visualisations are driven by data from the ONS Labour Force Survey, published by the Office for National Statistics.

This data is derived from the Labour Market Statistics time series dataset.

Long-term unemployment for young people (seasonally adjusted)

The long-term unemployment rate for 16-24 year-olds, showing the proportion of unemployed people who have been unemployed for between six and 12 months, and the proportion who have been unemployed for more than 12 months.

Last 3 years

Long-term unemployment rate for young people (16-24) over the last 3 years

12 months
6 to 12 months
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)01015202530355May-Jul 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Aug-Oct 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.7%Nov-Jan 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.9%Feb-Apr 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 7.2%May-Jul 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.1%Aug-Oct 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 9.7%Nov-Jan 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 9.3%Feb-Apr 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.1%May-Jul 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Aug-Oct 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.3%Nov-Jan 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Feb-Apr 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.7%May-Jul 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 17.6%Aug-Oct 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 18.0%Nov-Jan 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 18.6%Feb-Apr 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%May-Jul 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%Aug-Oct 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 13.1%Nov-Jan 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.0%Feb-Apr 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.5%May-Jul 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 11.2%Aug-Oct 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Nov-Jan 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%Feb-Apr 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 17.5%
Since 2000

Long-term unemployment rate for young people (16-24) since 2000

12 months
6 to 12 months
Rolling 3-month periodFeb-Apr2004Feb-Apr2009Feb-Apr2014Feb-Apr2019Feb-Apr2024Rate (%)010152025305Feb-Apr 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.1%May-Jul 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.9%Aug-Oct 2000 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.7%Nov-Jan 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.2%Feb-Apr 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.0%May-Jul 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.1%Aug-Oct 2001 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.3%Nov-Jan 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.5%Feb-Apr 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.7%May-Jul 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.7%Aug-Oct 2002 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.5%Nov-Jan 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.1%Feb-Apr 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.1%May-Jul 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.2%Aug-Oct 2003 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.5%Nov-Jan 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.3%Feb-Apr 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.5%May-Jul 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.8%Aug-Oct 2004 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Nov-Jan 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.8%Feb-Apr 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.7%May-Jul 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.0%Aug-Oct 2005 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.0%Nov-Jan 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.1%Feb-Apr 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.1%May-Jul 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.0%Aug-Oct 2006 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.9%Nov-Jan 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.3%Feb-Apr 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.0%May-Jul 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.5%Aug-Oct 2007 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.6%Nov-Jan 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Feb-Apr 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%May-Jul 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.4%Aug-Oct 2008 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.0%Nov-Jan 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.2%Feb-Apr 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.6%May-Jul 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.6%Aug-Oct 2009 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.4%Nov-Jan 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.4%Feb-Apr 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 21.6%May-Jul 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.3%Aug-Oct 2010 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.2%Nov-Jan 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.4%Feb-Apr 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.1%May-Jul 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.8%Aug-Oct 2011 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.7%Nov-Jan 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.4%Feb-Apr 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 22.3%May-Jul 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.1%Aug-Oct 2012 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Nov-Jan 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.4%Feb-Apr 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.4%May-Jul 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.3%Aug-Oct 2013 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.6%Nov-Jan 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.3%Feb-Apr 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.3%May-Jul 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.3%Aug-Oct 2014 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.6%Nov-Jan 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.6%Feb-Apr 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.8%May-Jul 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.1%Aug-Oct 2015 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.0%Nov-Jan 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.4%Feb-Apr 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.9%May-Jul 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.1%Aug-Oct 2016 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.8%Nov-Jan 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.7%Feb-Apr 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.2%May-Jul 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.6%Aug-Oct 2017 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.9%Nov-Jan 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.5%Feb-Apr 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.9%May-Jul 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2018 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.2%Nov-Jan 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.8%Feb-Apr 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.0%May-Jul 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.2%Aug-Oct 2019 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Nov-Jan 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.3%Feb-Apr 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 15.2%May-Jul 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 12.2%Aug-Oct 2020 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.6%Nov-Jan 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.8%Feb-Apr 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 19.1%May-Jul 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Aug-Oct 2021 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 13.7%Nov-Jan 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.9%Feb-Apr 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 7.2%May-Jul 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 11.1%Aug-Oct 2022 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 9.7%Nov-Jan 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 9.3%Feb-Apr 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 18.1%May-Jul 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 17.2%Aug-Oct 2023 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 20.3%Nov-Jan 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 14.4%Feb-Apr 2024 Proportion between 6 and 12 months: 16.7%Feb-Apr 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 11.9%May-Jul 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 14.5%Aug-Oct 2000 Proportion over 12 months: 12.5%Nov-Jan 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 10.7%Feb-Apr 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 12.2%May-Jul 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 12.9%Aug-Oct 2001 Proportion over 12 months: 10.9%Nov-Jan 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 11.8%Feb-Apr 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 10.2%May-Jul 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 9.5%Aug-Oct 2002 Proportion over 12 months: 10.6%Nov-Jan 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 10.2%Feb-Apr 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 10.4%May-Jul 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 11.0%Aug-Oct 2003 Proportion over 12 months: 12.8%Nov-Jan 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 12.3%Feb-Apr 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 11.5%May-Jul 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 10.6%Aug-Oct 2004 Proportion over 12 months: 11.3%Nov-Jan 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 10.8%Feb-Apr 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 11.8%May-Jul 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 12.5%Aug-Oct 2005 Proportion over 12 months: 12.4%Nov-Jan 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 12.6%Feb-Apr 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 12.8%May-Jul 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 14.9%Aug-Oct 2006 Proportion over 12 months: 13.8%Nov-Jan 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 13.0%Feb-Apr 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%May-Jul 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2007 Proportion over 12 months: 15.6%Nov-Jan 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%Feb-Apr 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 17.1%May-Jul 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 15.9%Aug-Oct 2008 Proportion over 12 months: 14.1%Nov-Jan 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 14.5%Feb-Apr 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 17.3%May-Jul 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 18.5%Aug-Oct 2009 Proportion over 12 months: 20.1%Nov-Jan 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 21.4%Feb-Apr 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 23.0%May-Jul 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 23.2%Aug-Oct 2010 Proportion over 12 months: 24.1%Nov-Jan 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 23.7%Feb-Apr 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 23.4%May-Jul 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 25.0%Aug-Oct 2011 Proportion over 12 months: 25.0%Nov-Jan 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 24.3%Feb-Apr 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 24.8%May-Jul 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 27.2%Aug-Oct 2012 Proportion over 12 months: 28.0%Nov-Jan 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.4%Feb-Apr 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 27.6%May-Jul 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.8%Aug-Oct 2013 Proportion over 12 months: 28.1%Nov-Jan 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 26.4%Feb-Apr 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 28.2%May-Jul 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 27.0%Aug-Oct 2014 Proportion over 12 months: 28.7%Nov-Jan 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 26.6%Feb-Apr 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 22.1%May-Jul 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 20.5%Aug-Oct 2015 Proportion over 12 months: 20.0%Nov-Jan 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 19.3%Feb-Apr 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%May-Jul 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.7%Aug-Oct 2016 Proportion over 12 months: 16.1%Nov-Jan 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 15.8%Feb-Apr 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%May-Jul 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 14.5%Aug-Oct 2017 Proportion over 12 months: 15.7%Nov-Jan 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 13.8%Feb-Apr 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 14.9%May-Jul 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 15.4%Aug-Oct 2018 Proportion over 12 months: 14.2%Nov-Jan 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 15.2%Feb-Apr 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 14.6%May-Jul 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2019 Proportion over 12 months: 13.2%Nov-Jan 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Feb-Apr 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 11.9%May-Jul 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 9.8%Aug-Oct 2020 Proportion over 12 months: 15.8%Nov-Jan 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 16.0%Feb-Apr 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 19.5%May-Jul 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 17.6%Aug-Oct 2021 Proportion over 12 months: 18.0%Nov-Jan 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 18.6%Feb-Apr 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%May-Jul 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 16.2%Aug-Oct 2022 Proportion over 12 months: 13.1%Nov-Jan 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.0%Feb-Apr 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 12.5%May-Jul 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 11.2%Aug-Oct 2023 Proportion over 12 months: 13.4%Nov-Jan 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 15.0%Feb-Apr 2024 Proportion over 12 months: 17.5%

Labour market status (seasonally adjusted)

These visualisations show the labour market status of young people aged 16-24.

Not in full-time education

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)01020304050607080May-Jul 2021: 10.5%Aug-Oct 2021: 9.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 10.1%Feb-Apr 2022: 9.4%May-Jul 2022: 7.6%Aug-Oct 2022: 10.1%Nov-Jan 2023: 10.0%Feb-Apr 2023: 10.5%May-Jul 2023: 12.6%Aug-Oct 2023: 10.4%Nov-Jan 2024: 10.8%Feb-Apr 2024: 12.3%May-Jul 2021: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2021: 17.1%Nov-Jan 2022: 16.7%Feb-Apr 2022: 16.2%May-Jul 2022: 16.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 18.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 18.4%Feb-Apr 2023: 17.9%May-Jul 2023: 19.4%Aug-Oct 2023: 19.8%Nov-Jan 2024: 19.4%Feb-Apr 2024: 19.4%May-Jul 2021: 75.9%Aug-Oct 2021: 74.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 74.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 76.0%May-Jul 2022: 76.9%Aug-Oct 2022: 73.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 73.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 73.4%May-Jul 2023: 70.5%Aug-Oct 2023: 71.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 71.9%Feb-Apr 2024: 70.7%
In full-time education

Labour market status for young people (16-24) in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)01020304050607080May-Jul 2021: 19.4%Aug-Oct 2021: 14.9%Nov-Jan 2022: 14.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 14.8%May-Jul 2022: 12.9%Aug-Oct 2022: 13.5%Nov-Jan 2023: 14.2%Feb-Apr 2023: 13.7%May-Jul 2023: 14.1%Aug-Oct 2023: 16.4%Nov-Jan 2024: 15.7%Feb-Apr 2024: 17.4%May-Jul 2021: 67.4%Aug-Oct 2021: 65.5%Nov-Jan 2022: 64.2%Feb-Apr 2022: 64.0%May-Jul 2022: 65.9%Aug-Oct 2022: 65.2%Nov-Jan 2023: 63.1%Feb-Apr 2023: 63.9%May-Jul 2023: 64.5%Aug-Oct 2023: 64.7%Nov-Jan 2024: 67.2%Feb-Apr 2024: 66.8%May-Jul 2021: 26.2%Aug-Oct 2021: 29.4%Nov-Jan 2022: 30.8%Feb-Apr 2022: 30.7%May-Jul 2022: 29.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 30.1%Nov-Jan 2023: 31.6%Feb-Apr 2023: 31.2%May-Jul 2023: 30.5%Aug-Oct 2023: 29.5%Nov-Jan 2024: 27.6%Feb-Apr 2024: 27.4%
All young people

Labour market status for young people (16-24)

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)01020304050607080May-Jul 2021: 12.8%Aug-Oct 2021: 11.2%Nov-Jan 2022: 11.2%Feb-Apr 2022: 10.8%May-Jul 2022: 9.1%Aug-Oct 2022: 11.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 11.1%Feb-Apr 2023: 11.4%May-Jul 2023: 13.0%Aug-Oct 2023: 12.1%Nov-Jan 2024: 12.1%Feb-Apr 2024: 13.6%May-Jul 2021: 40.0%Aug-Oct 2021: 39.9%Nov-Jan 2022: 39.2%Feb-Apr 2022: 38.3%May-Jul 2022: 39.8%Aug-Oct 2022: 40.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 38.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 38.6%May-Jul 2023: 40.7%Aug-Oct 2023: 40.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 41.9%Feb-Apr 2024: 41.5%May-Jul 2021: 52.3%Aug-Oct 2021: 53.4%Nov-Jan 2022: 54.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 55.0%May-Jul 2022: 54.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 53.4%Nov-Jan 2023: 54.6%Feb-Apr 2023: 54.4%May-Jul 2023: 51.6%Aug-Oct 2023: 52.0%Nov-Jan 2024: 51.1%Feb-Apr 2024: 50.5%

The following charts compare labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 16-17 and the group aged 18-24.

16-17

Labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 16 to 17

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 30.9%Aug-Oct 2021: 23.3%Nov-Jan 2022: 29.8%Feb-Apr 2022: 28.8%May-Jul 2022: 23.1%Aug-Oct 2022: 20.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 30.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 17.9%May-Jul 2023: 18.2%Aug-Oct 2023: 17.0%Nov-Jan 2024: 26.8%Feb-Apr 2024: 27.4%May-Jul 2021: 48.7%Aug-Oct 2021: 51.0%Nov-Jan 2022: 50.3%Feb-Apr 2022: 47.9%May-Jul 2022: 45.3%Aug-Oct 2022: 56.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 51.6%Feb-Apr 2023: 48.6%May-Jul 2023: 51.3%Aug-Oct 2023: 50.3%Nov-Jan 2024: 47.7%Feb-Apr 2024: 47.6%May-Jul 2021: 35.4%Aug-Oct 2021: 37.5%Nov-Jan 2022: 34.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 37.1%May-Jul 2022: 42.1%Aug-Oct 2022: 34.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 33.7%Feb-Apr 2023: 42.2%May-Jul 2023: 39.8%Aug-Oct 2023: 41.2%Nov-Jan 2024: 38.3%Feb-Apr 2024: 38.1%
18-24

Labour market status for young people not in full-time education aged 18 to 24

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 10.0%Aug-Oct 2021: 9.5%Nov-Jan 2022: 9.5%Feb-Apr 2022: 8.8%May-Jul 2022: 7.1%Aug-Oct 2022: 9.8%Nov-Jan 2023: 9.3%Feb-Apr 2023: 10.3%May-Jul 2023: 12.4%Aug-Oct 2023: 10.2%Nov-Jan 2024: 10.1%Feb-Apr 2024: 11.7%May-Jul 2021: 13.9%Aug-Oct 2021: 15.6%Nov-Jan 2022: 15.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 14.6%May-Jul 2022: 15.3%Aug-Oct 2022: 15.9%Nov-Jan 2023: 16.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 16.1%May-Jul 2023: 17.7%Aug-Oct 2023: 17.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 17.7%Feb-Apr 2024: 17.8%May-Jul 2021: 77.5%Aug-Oct 2021: 76.4%Nov-Jan 2022: 76.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 77.9%May-Jul 2022: 78.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 75.8%Nov-Jan 2023: 75.7%Feb-Apr 2023: 75.3%May-Jul 2023: 72.1%Aug-Oct 2023: 73.7%Nov-Jan 2024: 74.0%Feb-Apr 2024: 72.6%
16-24

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 10.5%Aug-Oct 2021: 9.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 10.1%Feb-Apr 2022: 9.4%May-Jul 2022: 7.6%Aug-Oct 2022: 10.1%Nov-Jan 2023: 10.0%Feb-Apr 2023: 10.5%May-Jul 2023: 12.6%Aug-Oct 2023: 10.4%Nov-Jan 2024: 10.8%Feb-Apr 2024: 12.3%May-Jul 2021: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2021: 17.1%Nov-Jan 2022: 16.7%Feb-Apr 2022: 16.2%May-Jul 2022: 16.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 18.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 18.4%Feb-Apr 2023: 17.9%May-Jul 2023: 19.4%Aug-Oct 2023: 19.8%Nov-Jan 2024: 19.4%Feb-Apr 2024: 19.4%May-Jul 2021: 75.9%Aug-Oct 2021: 74.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 74.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 76.0%May-Jul 2022: 76.9%Aug-Oct 2022: 73.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 73.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 73.4%May-Jul 2023: 70.5%Aug-Oct 2023: 71.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 71.9%Feb-Apr 2024: 70.7%

The following charts compare labour market status for men and women aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education.

Women

Labour market status for women aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 9.0%Aug-Oct 2021: 8.1%Nov-Jan 2022: 7.8%Feb-Apr 2022: 7.1%May-Jul 2022: 5.5%Aug-Oct 2022: 8.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 8.2%Feb-Apr 2023: 8.4%May-Jul 2023: 8.2%Aug-Oct 2023: 7.5%Nov-Jan 2024: 7.8%Feb-Apr 2024: 9.0%May-Jul 2021: 16.5%Aug-Oct 2021: 17.9%Nov-Jan 2022: 17.6%Feb-Apr 2022: 17.8%May-Jul 2022: 19.5%Aug-Oct 2022: 18.8%Nov-Jan 2023: 20.9%Feb-Apr 2023: 21.1%May-Jul 2023: 24.0%Aug-Oct 2023: 21.8%Nov-Jan 2024: 20.3%Feb-Apr 2024: 20.6%May-Jul 2021: 76.0%Aug-Oct 2021: 75.5%Nov-Jan 2022: 76.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 76.4%May-Jul 2022: 76.0%Aug-Oct 2022: 74.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 72.6%Feb-Apr 2023: 72.2%May-Jul 2023: 69.8%Aug-Oct 2023: 72.3%Nov-Jan 2024: 73.5%Feb-Apr 2024: 72.2%
Men

Labour market status for men aged 16 to 24 not in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 11.8%Aug-Oct 2021: 11.3%Nov-Jan 2022: 12.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 11.3%May-Jul 2022: 9.5%Aug-Oct 2022: 12.1%Nov-Jan 2023: 11.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 12.4%May-Jul 2023: 16.2%Aug-Oct 2023: 12.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 13.4%Feb-Apr 2024: 15.1%May-Jul 2021: 14.1%Aug-Oct 2021: 16.4%Nov-Jan 2022: 15.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 14.8%May-Jul 2022: 14.1%Aug-Oct 2022: 17.3%Nov-Jan 2023: 16.1%Feb-Apr 2023: 15.0%May-Jul 2023: 15.3%Aug-Oct 2023: 17.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 18.7%Feb-Apr 2024: 18.4%May-Jul 2021: 75.7%Aug-Oct 2021: 74.2%Nov-Jan 2022: 74.0%Feb-Apr 2022: 75.6%May-Jul 2022: 77.8%Aug-Oct 2022: 72.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 74.3%Feb-Apr 2023: 74.5%May-Jul 2023: 71.1%Aug-Oct 2023: 71.5%Nov-Jan 2024: 70.5%Feb-Apr 2024: 69.3%
All young people

Labour market status for young people (16-24) not in full-time education

In employment
Economically inactive
Overall unemployment
Rolling 3-month periodAug-Oct2021Feb-Apr2024Feb-Apr2022Aug-Oct2022Feb-Apr2023Aug-Oct2023Rate (%)020406080May-Jul 2021: 10.5%Aug-Oct 2021: 9.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 10.1%Feb-Apr 2022: 9.4%May-Jul 2022: 7.6%Aug-Oct 2022: 10.1%Nov-Jan 2023: 10.0%Feb-Apr 2023: 10.5%May-Jul 2023: 12.6%Aug-Oct 2023: 10.4%Nov-Jan 2024: 10.8%Feb-Apr 2024: 12.3%May-Jul 2021: 15.2%Aug-Oct 2021: 17.1%Nov-Jan 2022: 16.7%Feb-Apr 2022: 16.2%May-Jul 2022: 16.7%Aug-Oct 2022: 18.0%Nov-Jan 2023: 18.4%Feb-Apr 2023: 17.9%May-Jul 2023: 19.4%Aug-Oct 2023: 19.8%Nov-Jan 2024: 19.4%Feb-Apr 2024: 19.4%May-Jul 2021: 75.9%Aug-Oct 2021: 74.8%Nov-Jan 2022: 74.9%Feb-Apr 2022: 76.0%May-Jul 2022: 76.9%Aug-Oct 2022: 73.7%Nov-Jan 2023: 73.5%Feb-Apr 2023: 73.4%May-Jul 2023: 70.5%Aug-Oct 2023: 71.9%Nov-Jan 2024: 71.9%Feb-Apr 2024: 70.7%

Data tables

Long term unemployment

6 to 12 months

Seasonally adjusted long-term unemployment figures (between 6 and 12 months) for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education for the last 3 years. This data is derived from UNEM01 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodPopulation unemployed for between 6 and 12 months (000s)Population unemployed (000s)Proportion of unemployment between 6 and 12 months
May-Jul 20219555117.2%
Aug-Oct 20216748913.7%
Nov-Jan 20225949411.9%
Feb-Apr 2022354887.2%
May-Jul 20224540711.1%
Aug-Oct 2022454659.7%
Nov-Jan 2023454829.3%
Feb-Apr 20238949218.1%
May-Jul 20239454617.2%
Aug-Oct 202310350820.3%
Nov-Jan 20247250014.4%
Feb-Apr 20249557016.7%
over 12 months

Seasonally adjusted long-term unemployment figures (over 12 months) for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education for the last 3 years. This data is derived from UNEM01 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodPopulation unemployed for more than 12 months (000s)Population unemployed (000s)Proportion of unemployment over 12 months
May-Jul 20219755117.6%
Aug-Oct 20218848918.0%
Nov-Jan 20229249418.6%
Feb-Apr 20227348815.0%
May-Jul 20226640716.2%
Aug-Oct 20226146513.1%
Nov-Jan 20235848212.0%
Feb-Apr 20235149212.5%
May-Jul 20236154611.2%
Aug-Oct 20235550813.4%
Nov-Jan 20247550015.0%
Feb-Apr 202410057017.5%

Labour market status

Not in full-time education

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for young people aged 16-24 not in full-time education, over the last 3 years. This data is derived from A06 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202175.9%10.5%15.2%
Aug-Oct 202174.8%9.8%17.1%
Nov-Jan 202274.9%10.1%16.7%
Feb-Apr 202276.0%9.4%16.2%
May-Jul 202276.9%7.6%16.7%
Aug-Oct 202273.7%10.1%18.0%
Nov-Jan 202373.5%10%18.4%
Feb-Apr 202373.4%10.5%17.9%
May-Jul 202370.5%12.6%19.4%
Aug-Oct 202371.9%10.4%19.8%
Nov-Jan 202471.9%10.8%19.4%
Feb-Apr 202470.7%12.3%19.4%
In full-time education

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for young people aged 16-24 who are in full-time education, over the last 3 years. This data is derived from A06 SA.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202126.2%19.4%67.4%
Aug-Oct 202129.4%14.9%65.5%
Nov-Jan 202230.8%14.0%64.2%
Feb-Apr 202230.7%14.8%64.0%
May-Jul 202229.7%12.9%65.9%
Aug-Oct 202230.1%13.5%65.2%
Nov-Jan 202331.6%14.2%63.1%
Feb-Apr 202331.2%13.7%63.9%
May-Jul 202330.5%14.1%64.5%
Aug-Oct 202329.5%16.4%64.7%
Nov-Jan 202427.6%15.7%67.2%
Feb-Apr 202427.4%17.4%66.8%
Women NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for women not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202176.0%9%16.5%
Aug-Oct 202175.5%8.1%17.9%
Nov-Jan 202276.0%7.8%17.6%
Feb-Apr 202276.4%7.1%17.8%
May-Jul 202276.0%5.5%19.5%
Aug-Oct 202274.7%8%18.8%
Nov-Jan 202372.6%8.2%20.9%
Feb-Apr 202372.2%8.4%21.1%
May-Jul 202369.8%8.2%24.0%
Aug-Oct 202372.3%7.5%21.8%
Nov-Jan 202473.5%7.8%20.3%
Feb-Apr 202472.2%9%20.6%
Men NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for men not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202175.7%11.8%14.1%
Aug-Oct 202174.2%11.3%16.4%
Nov-Jan 202274.0%12%15.9%
Feb-Apr 202275.6%11.3%14.8%
May-Jul 202277.8%9.5%14.1%
Aug-Oct 202272.7%12.1%17.3%
Nov-Jan 202374.3%11.5%16.1%
Feb-Apr 202374.5%12.4%15.0%
May-Jul 202371.1%16.2%15.3%
Aug-Oct 202371.5%12.9%17.9%
Nov-Jan 202470.5%13.4%18.7%
Feb-Apr 202469.3%15.1%18.4%
16-17 year olds NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for 16-17 year olds not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202135.4%30.9%48.7%
Aug-Oct 202137.5%23.3%51.0%
Nov-Jan 202234.9%29.8%50.3%
Feb-Apr 202237.1%28.8%47.9%
May-Jul 202242.1%23.1%45.3%
Aug-Oct 202234.7%20%56.7%
Nov-Jan 202333.7%30.5%51.6%
Feb-Apr 202342.2%17.9%48.6%
May-Jul 202339.8%18.2%51.3%
Aug-Oct 202341.2%17%50.3%
Nov-Jan 202438.3%26.8%47.7%
Feb-Apr 202438.1%27.4%47.6%
18-24 year olds NFTE

This table presents seasonally adjusted rates of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity for 18-24 year olds not in full-time education.

Rolling 3-monthly periodEmployed rateUnemployed rateEconomic inactivity rate
May-Jul 202177.5%10%13.9%
Aug-Oct 202176.4%9.5%15.6%
Nov-Jan 202276.9%9.5%15.0%
Feb-Apr 202277.9%8.8%14.6%
May-Jul 202278.7%7.1%15.3%
Aug-Oct 202275.8%9.8%15.9%
Nov-Jan 202375.7%9.3%16.5%
Feb-Apr 202375.3%10.3%16.1%
May-Jul 202372.1%12.4%17.7%
Aug-Oct 202373.7%10.2%17.9%
Nov-Jan 202474.0%10.1%17.7%
Feb-Apr 202472.6%11.7%17.8%